Working with Laravel without PHP Artisan would be no so efficient. Laravel delivers us list of mostly used commands by daily developer’s actions. You need to know this list and use the commands to speed up your efficiency in coding.
Some of the php artisan commands are shown in action in my laravel project where I build book management rest api. It’s good to you to verify in practise what commands are especially used.
Displaying list of PHP Artisan commands
In order to run the Artisan lists of commands you need to type … the command:
You should be able to see the view like below:
Full list of php artisan commands list with examples will be presented below.
You can use this place to come back and find the right command for you.
Artisan commands list with examples
clear-compiled Remove the compiled class file down Put the application into maintenance mode env Display the current framework environment help Displays help for a command inspire Display an inspiring quote list Lists commands migrate Run the database migrations optimize Optimize the framework for better performance serve Serve the application on the PHP development server tinker Interact with your application up Bring the application out of maintenance mode app app:name Set the application namespace auth auth:clear-resets Flush expired password reset tokens cache cache:clear Flush the application cache cache:forget Remove an item from the cache cache:table Create a migration for the cache database table config config:cache Create a cache file for faster configuration loading config:clear Remove the configuration cache file db db:seed Seed the database with records event event:generate Generate the missing events and listeners based on registration key key:generate Set the application key make make:auth Scaffold basic login and registration views and routes make:command Create a new Artisan command make:controller Create a new controller class make:event Create a new event class make:job Create a new job class make:listener Create a new event listener class make:mail Create a new email class make:middleware Create a new middleware class make:migration Create a new migration file make:model Create a new Eloquent model class make:notification Create a new notification class make:policy Create a new policy class make:provider Create a new service provider class make:request Create a new form request class make:seeder Create a new seeder class make:test Create a new test class migrate migrate:install Create the migration repository migrate:refresh Reset and re-run all migrations migrate:reset Rollback all database migrations migrate:rollback Rollback the last database migration migrate:status Show the status of each migration notifications notifications:table Create a migration for the notifications table queue queue:failed List all of the failed queue jobs queue:failed-table Create a migration for the failed queue jobs database table queue:flush Flush all of the failed queue jobs queue:forget Delete a failed queue job queue:listen Listen to a given queue queue:restart Restart queue worker daemons after their current job queue:retry Retry a failed queue job queue:table Create a migration for the queue jobs database table queue:work Start processing jobs on the queue as a daemon route route:cache Create a route cache file for faster route registration route:clear Remove the route cache file route:list List all registered routes schedule schedule:run Run the scheduled commands session session:table Create a migration for the session database table storage storage:link Create a symbolic link from "public/storage" to "storage/app/public" vendor vendor:publish Publish any publishable assets from vendor packages view view:clear Clear all compiled view files
Every time you run project or different commands the laravel framework generates some cache files in bootstrap/cache folder. These files are compiled.php and services.php. Both of them keeps list of mostly used classes/services needed by your project configuration.
Running the command removes all the files from cache folder:
You should get information “The compiled services file has been removed.”
In developer enviroment we sometimes need to verify that changes we made are proper. We need to run the whole project without any additional configuration setup. At this point, the serve command is helpful, which runs the entire project as a local server under the port 8000.
In order to see the website you need to type in your web browser the address http://localhost:8000
Let’s say you want to add a new column to existing table. You can do this running the command:
This will create migration file name directly like you put in the command plus prefix with current date. The file will be created with with two empty methods up and down that you need to fill on your own.
Full list of available column types you can find under the link: laravel migration column types
This command is relatively simpe. Using it this way:
you can easily run all migrations into database.
In the example we added new column named options so after running the comand you will see that new column is added into database:
It sometimes happens that you made mistake or you want to verify your application with previous version of database structure. It is possible to do by the command migrate:rollback. The command goes one step backward in migration list. When you run the command you will see such result in your console:
Migrate status command is very gives very important information about state of run migrations. It coresponds with commands migrate:rollback and just migrate, because when you run the command you need to know if they failed or approved. So the migrate:status command shows you the current state:
In Ran? column you have presented information Yes or No that migrations was applied or not. Here we have first two migrations successfully applied. The latest migration is waiting to be run.